On this day in history…
21 August 1614: Countess Elizabeth Bathory dies.
Elizabeth Bathory, born in 1560, was the wife of Count Ferenc Nadasdy of Hungary. Elizabeth gave her husband seven children and looked after his estates while he was away fighting the Ottomans. Ferenc died in 1604, leaving Elizabeth a wealthy widow. In 1610, Holy Roman Emperor Matthias II ordered officials to investigate rumors that the countess was committing certain atrocities against the people living in her lands. The investigations revealed that Elizabeth had lured a number of peasants and lesser gentry - mostly young girls - to her estates with the promise of work or the chance to learn courtly etiquette. Many others were abducted by force. Once these individuals were under Elizabeth’s custody, she had them tortured, mutilated, and murdered. Accusations included beatings, burnings, mutilations, and forced starvation. On 30 December 1610, Elizabeth was arrested for her crimes, and later placed under house arrest. Elizabeth’s servants and accomplices were brought to trial and there were executed, but the countess remained under arrest without any further punishment until her death in 1614. Elizabeth Bathory’s crimes gave her the nickname, “The Bloody Countess.” In the nineteenth century, with the emergence of popular vampire myths, stories of Elizabeth drinking the blood of her victims began to circulate. Some historians even argue that the countess’s sadistic atrocities influenced Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
On this day, 400 years ago, the Hungarian countess Elizabeth Bathory died. Bathory is known to be one of the most proficient female killers in known history. She was known to slaughter and then bathe in virgin blood as a way to preserve her youth and beauty. Many vampire tales are derived from Bathory’s actions. Although Bram Stoker used Vlad the Impaler as the basis for his story of Dracula, Bathory is often seen as the precursor to the modern vampire.
a piece I did for a class (again) about Elizabeth Bathory, did it as an advertisement piece because I thought it was funny and witty .-.
Just a project I did for a class. The woman is based on the historical figure Elizabeth Bathory. While I was designing this I borrowed heavily from Alphonse Mucha.
My take on the crazy-ass blood bathing Elizabeth Bathory (which I first knew from Castlevania Bloodlines. Fuck my unculture.
Portrait of serial killer Erzsébet Báthory from the 1580s and lost in the 1990s, a similar portrait, and a copy. Rumored to have bathed in the blood of virgin girls to revitalize her youth, Erzsébet probably was more conventional. The legends of bathing in and drinking blood came years after death and are unreliable. It has been proposed that her actions stemmed from sadistic pleasure. Some suggest that Erzsébet was the victim of a political conspiracy, but the theory does not line up with the contemporary evidence of her guilt.
Elizabeth Bathory ; Serial Killer & Torturer (Documentary)
Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed (Báthory Erzsébet in Hungarian, Alžbeta Bátoriová in Slovak; 7 August 1560 — 21 August 1614) was a countess from the renowned Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary. She has been labelled the most prolific female serial killer in history and is remembered as the “Blood Countess,” though the precise number of victims is debated.
After her husband Ferenc Nádasdy’s death, she and four collaborators were accused of torturing and killing hundreds of girls, with one witness attributing to them over 650 victims, though the number for which they were convicted was 80. Due to her rank, Elizabeth herself was neither tried nor convicted. But upon her arrest in December 1610, she was imprisoned in Čachtice Castle, now in Slovakia, where she remained immured in a set of rooms until her death four years later.
Later writings about the case have led to legendary accounts of the Countess bathing in the blood of virgins to retain her youth and subsequently also to comparisons with Vlad III the Impaler of Wallachia, on whom the fictional Count Dracula is partly based, and to modern nicknames of the Blood Countess and Countess Dracula.
Thurzó debated further proceedings with Elizabeth’s son Paul and two of her sons-in-law. A trial and execution would have caused a public scandal and disgraced a noble and influential family (which at the time ruled Transylvania), and Elizabeth’s considerable property would have been seized by the crown. Thurzó, along with Paul and her two sons-in-law, originally planned for Elizabeth to be spirited away to a nunnery, but as accounts of her murder of the daughters of lesser nobility spread, it was agreed that Elizabeth Báthory should be kept under strict house arrest, but that further punishment should be avoided. King Matthias requested that Elizabeth be sentenced to death. It was also determined that Matthias would not have to repay his large debt to her, for which he lacked sufficient funds.
Thurzó went to Csejte Castle on 30 December 1610 and arrested Báthory and four of her servants, who were accused of being her accomplices: Dorotya Semtész, Ilona Jó, Katarína Benická, and János Újváry (“Ibis” or Fickó). Thurzó’s men reportedly found one girl dead and one dying and reported that another woman was found wounded while others were locked up. The countess was put under house arrest.
King Matthias urged Thurzó to bring her to court and two notaries were sent to collect further evidence, but Thurzó successfully convinced the king that such an act would negatively affect the nobility. Hence, a trial was postponed indefinitely. Thurzo’s motivation for such an intervention is debated by scholars.
Báthory’s accomplices were brought to court. The trial began on 2 January 1611 at Bicse, presided over by Royal Supreme Court judge Theodosious Syrmiensis de Szulo and 20 associate judges. Báthory herself did not appear at the trial.
During the trial, dozens of witnesses and survivors, sometimes up to 35 a day, testified. All but one of her servants testified against her, and the one who refused had her eyes gouged out and her breasts removed before being burned at the stake. In addition to the testimony, the court also examined the skeletons and cadaver parts found as evidence.
The defendants were found guilty on 80 counts of murder. In a second part of the trial, a newly-discovered register handwriting was entered as evidence that suggested there could have been as many as 650 victims, with the suggestion being that she recorded all her victims, but this could not be proven, and the count remained at 80.
Three of the defendants — Semtész, Jó and Ficko — were condemned to death. The sentences were carried out immediately. Before being burned at the stake, Semtész and Jó had their fingers ripped off their hands with hot pincers, while Ficko, who was deemed less culpable, was beheaded, and his body burned. Benická was sentenced to life imprisonment, since recorded testimony indicated that she was dominated and bullied by the other women.
Following the trial, a red gallows was erected near the castle to show the public that justice had been done.